The Need for Adoption of Formal Test Design Techniques

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the processes of designing tests are not as clear cut as the processes of software design and testing

Ad-hoc identification of test cases without following any formal test design techniques has every possibility of them being unreliable, redundant, and having inadequate test coverage. So what could be done to ensure that test design techniques are applied in analyzing the specifications and this analysis is used to derive high-yield test cases? How do we bring that rigor, discipline, commitment in the test team?

Even today Software Testing is not given due importance in the curriculum. That means most individuals are not trained in using the test design techniques. Also it can be noticed that Software Testing is not the first choice or at least voluntary choice among Computer/IT graduates. This also should explain the low motivation in learning the test design techniques. In fact, at least in Hyderabad, India there are a number of private courses run by different institutes on software testing. But all of them deal with some kind of automation tool training. None of the available courses teach formal test design techniques and their practical application.

Because the practitioners have little training and experience in using these techniques practically, their utility is hardly seen by them. Moreover over the period of time as they are put into one project and then another, designing test cases just by skimming through the specifications (and sometimes by playing with the software when specifications are not present) quickly and intuitively becomes a habit. Even they start to think that this ad-hoc method works and gives them a false feeling of being expert. They start justifying their method in the name of exploratory testing, error-guessing, experience, etc.


  • Test engineers should be trained in practical application of known test design techniques.
  • It should be made mandatory to explicitly use the applicable test design techniques in the test design phase.
  • Every test engineer working on test case identification should be asked to document and present its analysis.
  • During presentation a list all known test design techniques should be present. It could be a chart or it could be written on white-board.
  • Techniques not used by the Test Engineer should be identified and then its applicability should be discussed. Test Engineer should be able to justify its non-applicability.
  • If no applicable technique is found, Test Engineer should be able to prove the completeness of the test cases identified demonstrating the rigor with which the technique is applied to derive the test cases.

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