Is Collaboration the Right Way to Work?

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Summary:
Do you manage a team or a group? How can you tell the difference, and is it important to differentiate the two? In this column, Esther Derby explains that identifying your associates as one or the other is paramount to how they should be managed.

As a manager, your job is to organize people and work for success. That includes work design—figuring out whether you have a group or a team and creating an environment where people can do their best work. I don't know about you, but work design wasn't part of my training as a technical person, and it's not explicitly included in many business and management programs.

The default belief seems to be "teams and collaboration are good," and in my previous column I wrote about the benefits of collaboration. But is collaboration always possible? Is it even the right thing to do in every situation?

In this article, I'll show different levels of collaboration and lay out the questions that managers need to answer to decide whether they have a group or a team.

Connection
Josh and Julie work in a tech support area. The primary responsibility of the unit is to configure, tune, and support servers. The workflow is controlled by a ticket system, in which the requestor submits an order with basic requirements and most of the work is handled first in, first out. Of course, there are exceptions when there's extra lead time to order a special server or establish the configuration for a new product, but those orders are the not the rule.

And though different people excel in different areas and each brings unique talents, most server installs in their company require a core set of skills.

Josh, Julie, and their coworkers have a connection. They share professional skills, hold each other in high regard, and let each other know what they are working on. They help each other when asked, but they don't really collaborate. The workflow in their department isn't conducive to collaboration, nor does the work require it. They may call themselves a team, but they aren't engaged in teamwork, and that's just fine. There's nothing wrong with being a workgroup if that's what the work needs.

Cooperation
Deb and Doug report to the same manager and run test labs for two different products. Because their respective products are on different release schedules, there are times when the equipment in each lab isn't fully booked. They cooperate with each other by loaning resources when it's possible and makes sense to do so. Deb and Doug are working together to meet organizational goals, but they aren't a team.

Coordination
Frank and Frannie work in a product development group. Each has responsibility for a distinct product aimed at a different consumer group. They meet on a regular basis to keep each other abreast of release schedules. They consult with each other about market trends as they prioritize features. It is necessary to coordinate, but given the product mix in their company, it's not necessary for Frank, Frannie, and the rest of the group to collaborate with each other to achieve their goals. No team here.

About the author

Esther Derby's picture Esther Derby

A regular StickyMinds.com and Better Software magazine contributor, Esther Derby is one of the rare breed of consultants who blends the technical issues and managerial issues with the people-side issues. She is well known for helping teams grow to new levels of productivity. Project retrospectives and project assessments are two of Esther's key practices that serve as effective tools to start a team's transformation. Recognized as one of the world's leaders in retrospective facilitation, she often receives requests asking her to work with struggling teams. Esther is one of the founders of the AYE Conference. She co-author of Agile Retrospectives: Making Good Teams Great. She has presented at STAREAST, STARWEST and the Better Software Conference & EXPO. You can read more of Esther's musings on the wonderful world of software at www.estherderby.com and on her weblog at www.estherderby.com/weblog/blogger.html. Her email is derby@estherderby.com.

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